USAWA Postdoctoral Researcher @ USAWA
Justine K. Collins, from the Caribbean island of Grenada. USAWA Postdoctoral Researcher, SOAS, University of London, present. Visiting Researcher- Willem Witteveen Memorial Fellow Spring 2020, Tilburg University. Dr Jur- Max Planck Institute for European Legal History & Goethe University of Frankfurt, (Germany) December 2020. MA Dual Degree in Comparative Law, Doshisha University & Sheffield University ( Japan & UK). LLM, International Financial Law, Manchester University, (the UK). LLB (hons.) Manchester Met. University, (UK).
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- Summary: The presence of various groups of Indigenous Peoples within the Caribbean has received little attention therefore sparse scholarship exists concerning the subject. However, perusal of archives and other sources tell a differing tale, as there were the sporadic appearances of groups and tribes of persons Native to the Caribbean, North, Central, South America and Africa. Records of plantation economies and societies of the Caribbean rarely mention the existence of Indigenous Peoples and their role within colonial cultivation practices and enslavement. Nevertheless, the fact that they were named in treaties, legislations and correspondences meant that they played a significant role and had considerable contributions. This presentation traces and identifies the role played by Indigenous Peoples and Groups within the Atlantic world and ascertains how they were regulated within colonies claimed by the British. In turn, the research endeavours to examine the ramifications of their regulation throughout the Atlantic. Specific Native Americans tribes such as the ‘Pequots’ were deported from New England to the Caribbean to labour as the enslaved on the plantations. Sources also showed there was even legislation addressing the presence of ‘New England Indians’ within the colony of Barbados. In addition, there was also the issues of the Miskito Sambos of the Nicaraguan Coast and Jamaica to some extent and the Black Caribs of St. Vincent and their expulsion by the English to Central America, culminating in the Garifuna peoples there. These sporadic though significant appearances of Indigenous peoples begs the question of their role in plantation economies and how legislation was used to delianeate different racial groups and thus initiate race law and theories.